near

near
adv., prep., adj., & v.
—adv.
1 (often foll. by to) to or at a short distance in space or time; close by (the time drew near; dropped near to them).
2 closely (as near as one can guess).
3 archaic almost, nearly (very near died).
4 archaic parsimoniously; meanly (lives very near).
—prep. (compar. & superl. also used)
1 to or at a short distance (in space, time, condition, or resemblance) from (stood near the back; occurs nearer the end; the sun is near setting).
2 (in comb.) a that is almost (near-hysterical; a near-Communist). b intended as a substitute for; resembling (near-beer).
—adj.
1 (usu. predic.) close at hand; close to, in place or time (the man nearest you; in the near future).
2 a closely related (a near relation). b intimate (a near friend).
3 (of a part of a vehicle, animal, or road) left (the near fore leg; near side front wheel (orig. of the side from which one mounted)) (opp. OFF).
4 close; narrow (a near escape; a near guess).
5 (of a road or way) direct.
6 niggardly, mean.
—v.
1 tr. approach; draw near to (neared the harbour).
2 intr. draw near (could distinguish them as they neared).
Phrases and idioms:
come (or go) near (foll. by verbal noun, or to + verbal noun) be on the point of, almost succeed in (came near to falling). go near (foll. by to + infin.) narrowly fail. near at hand
1 within easy reach.
2 in the immediate future. the Near East the region comprising the countries of the eastern Mediterranean. Near Eastern of the Near East. near go colloq. a narrow escape. near the knuckle colloq. verging on the indecent.
near miss
1 (of a bomb etc.) close to the target.
2 a situation in which a collision is narrowly avoided.
3 (of an attempt) almost but not quite successful. near sight esp. US = short sight. near thing a narrow escape. near upon archaic not far in time from.
Derivatives:
nearish adj. nearness n.
Etymology: ME f. ON naeligr, orig. compar. of naacute = OE neah NIGH

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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  • Near — or Near may refer to: Contents 1 Science, mathematics, technology, biology, and medicine 2 Geography 3 Lingu …   Wikipedia

  • Near — Near, a. [Compar. {Nearer}; superl. {Nearest}.] [See {Near}, adv.] 1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. As one near death. Shak. [1913 Webster] He served great Hector, and was ever… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • near — [nir] adv. [ME nere < ON & OE: ON nær, near (orig. compar. of nā ): OE near, nearer, compar. of neah, NIGH] 1. at or to a relatively short distance in space or time [summer draws near] 2. relatively close in degree; almost: now usually nearly… …   English World dictionary

  • Near — (n[=e]r), adv. [AS. ne[ a]r, compar. of ne[ a]h nigh. See {Nigh}.] 1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh. [1913 Webster] My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Nearly;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • near — near; near·ish; near·ly; near·most; near·ness; near·sight·ed·ly; near·sight·ed·ness; …   English syllables

  • near — near, nearly Near has almost fallen out of use as an adverb meaning ‘almost’, and nearly serves this purpose: He was nearly dead with fright. Exceptions include near complete and near perfect: • Gunnell, captain of the British women s team,… …   Modern English usage

  • near- — /nēr / combining form Denoting almost, as in nearˈ white of a colour closely resembling white, and nearˈ silkˈ artificial silk * * * near UK [nɪə(r)] US [nɪr] prefix almost used with many nouns and adjectives It’s a near certainty (=it will… …   Useful english dictionary

  • NEAR — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Holly Near (* 1949), US amerikanische Sängerin NEAR ist die Abkürzung für: Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous, eine US amerikanische Raumsonde, siehe NEAR Shoemaker Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • near — [adj1] close by physically abreast, abutting, adjacent, adjoining, alongside, along toward, approximal, around, at close quarters, available, beside, bordering, burning, close, close at hand, close by, close shave*, conterminous, contiguous,… …   New thesaurus

  • Near — Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under {near}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Near — Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Neared}; p. pr. & vb. n {Nearing}.] [See {Near}, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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